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Главная » Статьи » Системное администрирование » Об ОС Windows

This page is under construction. Right now this information is thrown together from several different sources. I will clean it up as time allows...

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RUNDLL and RUNDLL32 are two utilities supplied with Windows 95/98 and NT.
They can call DLL functions from the command line, allowing us to create extremely powerfull batch files.
Some examples:
  1. Start Control Panel applets (2):
    You can run a Control Panel applet from the command-line by using rundll32 shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL or control.exe followed by the name of the .cpl. If you include the first part of the displayed name followed by a number, you may be able to start the applet with the focus on a specific tab.

    Settings tab on Display properties: start control.exe desk.cpl,Display,3
    Advanced tab on Internet properties: start rundll32 shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL inetcpl.cpl,Internet,5
    • General syntax:
      RUNDLL32 SHELL32.DLL,Control_RunDLL filename.CPL,@n,t
      where   filename.CPL   is the name of one of Control Panel's *.CPL files,
        n   is the zero based number of the applet within the *.CPL file, and
        t   is the number of the tab for multi paged applets
    • Examples:
      1. Date/time applet, Time Zone tab:
        RUNDLL32 SHELL32.DLL,Control_RunDLL TIMEDATE.CPL,@0,1
      2. Desktop applet, Screensaver tab:
        RUNDLL32 SHELL32.DLL,Control_RunDLL DESK.CPL,@0,1
      3. Network applet, Protocols tab:
        RUNDLL32 SHELL32.DLL,Control_RunDLL NCPA.CPL,@0,2
      4. Network applet, Adapters tab:
        RUNDLL32 SHELL32.DLL,Control_RunDLL NCPA.CPL,@0,3
      5. System applet, Environment tab:
        RUNDLL32 SHELL32.DLL,Control_RunDLL SYSDM.CPL,@0,2
    Additional Control Panel examples:

    Control Panel    (CONTROL.EXE)
    Control Panel:
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL

    Accessability Options    (ACCESS.CPL)
    Accessability Properties (Keyboard):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL access.cpl,,1
    Accessability Properties (Sound):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL access.cpl,,2
    Accessability Properties (Display):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL access.cpl,,3
    Accessability Properties (Mouse):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL access.cpl,,4
    Accessability Properties (General):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL access.cpl,,5

    Add/Remove Programs    (APPWIZ.CPL)
    Add/Remove Programs Properties (Install/Uninstall):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL appwiz.cpl,,1
    Add/Remove Programs Properties (Windows Setup):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL appwiz.cpl,,2
    Add/Remove Programs Properties (Startup Disk):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL appwiz.cpl,,3

    Display Options    (DESK.CPL)
    Display Properties (Background):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL desk.cpl,,0
    Display Properties (Screen Saver):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL desk.cpl,,1
    Display Properties (Appearance):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL desk.cpl,,2
    Display Properties (Settings):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL desk.cpl,,3

    Display Properties (Install Screen Saver):
        rundll32.exe desk.cpl,InstallScreenSaver %1
    (opens .scr at location specified by %1 in preview window)

    FindFast Settings (FINDFAST.CPL)
    Find Fast Properties (General):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL findfast.cplInternet Settings (INETCPL.CPL)

    Internet Settings (INETCPL.CPL)
    Internet Properties (General):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL inetcpl.cpl,,0
    Internet Properties (Security):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL inetcpl.cpl,,1
    Internet Properties (Content):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL inetcpl.cpl,,2
    Internet Properties (Connection):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL inetcpl.cpl,,3
    Internet Properties (Programs):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL inetcpl.cpl,,4
    Internet Properties (Advanced):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL inetcpl.cpl,,5

    Regional Settings    (INTL.CPL)
    Regional Settings Properties (Regional Settings):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL intl.cpl,,0
    Regional Settings Properties (Number):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL intl.cpl,,1
    Regional Settings Properties (Currency):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL intl.cpl,,2
    Regional Settings Properties (Time):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL intl.cpl,,3
    Regional Settings Properties (Date):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL intl.cpl,,4
    Regional Settings Properties (Input Locales):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL intl.cpl,,5

    Joystick Options    (JOY.CPL)
    Joystick Properties (Joystick):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL joy.cpl

    Mouse/Keyboard/Printers/Fonts Options    (MAIN.CPL)
    Mouse Properties:
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL main.cpl @0
    Keyboard Properties:
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL main.cpl @1
        Win9x: rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL main.cpl @2
        Win9x: rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL main.cpl @3

    Mail and Fax Options    (MLCFG32.CPL)
    Microsoft Exchange Profiles (General):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mlcfg32.cpl

    Multimedia/Sounds Options    (MMSYS.CPL)
    Multimedia Properties (Audio):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mmsys.cpl,,0
    Multimedia Properties (Video):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mmsys.cpl,,1
    Multimedia Properties (MIDI):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mmsys.cpl,,2
    Multimedia Properties (CD Music):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mmsys.cpl,,3
    Multimedia Properties (Advanced):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mmsys.cpl,,4
    = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =
    Sounds Properties:
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mmsys.cpl @1

    Modem Options    (MODEM.CPL)
    Modem Properties (General):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL modem.cpl

    Network Options    (NETCPL.CPL)
    Network (Configuration):
        Win9x: rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL netcpl.cpl
        WinNT: rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL ncpa.cpl
    Dial-up Networking Wizard
        Win9x: rundll32.exe rnaui.dll,RnaWizard
    Create Share Dialog
        WinNT: rundll32.exe ntlanui.dll,ShareCreate
    Manage Shares Dialog
        WinNT: rundll32.exe ntlanui.dll,ShareManage

    ODBC Settings (ODBCCP32.CPL)
    ODBC Data Source Administrator (General):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL odbccp32.cpl

    Password Options    (PASSWORD.CPL)
    Password Properties (Change Passwords):
        Win9x: rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL password.cpl

    COM Ports Settings (PORTS.CPL)
    COM Ports Properties (General):
        WinNT: rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL ports.cpl

    Server Properties (SRVMGR.CPL)
    Server Properties (General):
        WinNT: rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL srvmgr.cpl
    Services dialog:
        WinNT: rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL srvmgr.cpl Services

    System/Add New Hardware Options    (SYSDM.CPL)
    System Properties (General):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl,,0
    System Properties (Device Manager):
        Win9x: rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl,,1
    System Properties (Performance):
        Win9x: rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl,,3
        WinNT: rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl,,1
    System Properties (Environment):
        WinNT: rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl,,2
    System Properties (Startup/Shutdown):
        WinNT: rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl,,3
    System Properties (Hardware Profiles):
        Win9x: rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl,,2
        WinNT: rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl,,4
    System Properties (User Profiles):
        WinNT: rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl,,5
    Add New Hardware Wizard:
        Win9x: rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl @1
    Add New Printer Wizard:
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHHelpShortcuts_RunDLL AddPrinter

    Telephony Settings (TELEPHON.CPL)
    Dialing Properties (My Location / Drivers):
        WinNT: rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL telephon.cpl

    Themes Settings (THEMES.CPL)
    Themes Properties (General):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL themes.cpl

    Date and Time Options    (TIMEDATE.CPL)
    Date/Time Properties:
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL timedate.cpl
    Choose Time Zone:
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL timedate.cpl,,/f

    TweakUI Settings (TWEAKUI.CPL)
    TweakUI Dialog (General):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL tweakui.cpl

    UPS Settings (UPS.CPL)
    Uninteruptable Power Supply Properties (General):
        WinNT: rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL ups.cpl

    Microsoft Mail Postoffice Options    (WGPOCPL.CPL)
    Microsoft Workgroup Postoffice Admin:
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL wgpocpl.cpl

    Open With (File Associations):
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,OpenAs_RunDLL d:\path\filename.ext

    Run Diskcopy Dialog:
    rundll32 diskcopy.dll,DiskCopyRunDll

    Create New Shortcut Wizard:
    'puts the new shortcut in the location specified by %1
        rundll32.exe AppWiz.Cpl,NewLinkHere %1

    Install New Hardware Wizard:
        rundll32.exe sysdm.cpl,InstallDevice_RunDLL

    View Printers:
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHHelpShortcuts_RunDLL PrintersFolder

    Dial-up Networking Wizard
        rundll32.exe rnaui.dll,RnaWizard

    Open a Scrap Document:
        rundll32.exe shscrap.dll,OpenScrap_RunDLL /r /x %1

    Create a Briefcase:
        rundll32.exe syncui.dll,Briefcase_Create

    View Fonts:
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHHelpShortcuts_RunDLL FontsFolder

    Run Format Floppy Dialog:
        rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHFormatDrive
    (make sure a disk is inserted in Drive A: first!)

    Create a Briefcase:
        rundll32.exe syncui.dll,Briefcase_Create
  2. Install a screensaver (copy the *.SCR file to the Windows directory first) (2):
    RUNDLL32 DESK.CPL,InstallScreenSaver C:\WINNT\SYSTEM32\Default.scr
    The directory shown is for Windows NT, adjust for Windows 95/98
  3. Start "Add New Printer" wizard:
    RUNDLL32 SHELL32.DLL,SHHelpShortcuts_RunDLL AddPrinter
  4. Start GUI diskette format program:
    RUNDLL32 SHELL32.DLL,SHFormatDrive
  5. Logoff Windows (1)
    • Logoff Windows 98:
      RUNDLL SHELL32.DLL,SHExitWindowsEx
    • Logoff Windows 98 and run Explorer after relogon:
      RUNDLL SHELL32.DLL,SHExitWindowsEx 4
    • Logoff Windows NT 4:
      RUNDLL32 USER32.DLL,ExitWindowsEx
  6. Reboot (1)
    • Windows 95 (not reliable, sometimes only shutdown):
      RUNDLL USER.EXE,ExitWindowsExec
    • Windows 98:
      RUNDLL SHELL32.DLL,SHExitWindowsEx 2
    • Windows NT 4:
      @ECHO OFF
      PUSHD %temp%
      ECHO [Version] > {out}.inf
      ECHO signature=$chicago$ >> {out}.inf
      ECHO [defaultinstall] >> {out}.inf
      RUNDLL32 SETUPAPI,InstallHinfSection DefaultInstall 1 {out}.inf
      DEL {out}.inf
      (original batch file by Walter Zackery, adapted for readability)
  7. Shutdown (1)
    • Windows 95:
      RUNDLL USER.EXE,ExitWindows
    • Windows 98:
      RUNDLL SHELL32.DLL,SHExitWindowsEx 1
  8. Show Windows 9*'s "System setting changed, do you want to reboot now?" dialog (1):
    RUNDLL SHELL.DLL,RestartDialog
  9. Display NT's "About" dialog, showing version, servicepack, registered owner and amount of physical memory:
    RUNDLL32 SHELL32.DLL,ShellAboutW
  10. Open a file with Windows' "Open as" dialog:
    RUNDLL32 SHELL32.DLL,OpenAs_RunDLL filename
  11. Swap your mouse to left handed use (tip from "Speedy Gonzales"):
    • Windows 95:
      RUNDLL USER.EXE,SwapMouseButton
    • Windows NT:
      RUNDLL32 USER32.DLL,SwapMouseButton
    I know of no command yet to undo this, but the following will get you close:
    RUNDLL32 SHELL32.DLL,Control_RunDLL MAIN.CPL,@0,1
  12. Start DialUp Network:
    (Credits for these commands: Michael J. Gregg and Tom Lavedas)
    START RUNDLL32 RNAUI.DLL,RnaDial exact name of dialer entry
    TRACERT -h 1 -w 1
    The RUNDLL command starts DUN, the TRACERT command is supposed to actually start the dialing process. Since I do not have access to any PC with DUN installed, I could not test the TRACERT command's effect.



Notes:   1   See my Shutdown page for more information and examples on reboot and shutdown command lines.
  2   By associating *.CPL files with the command
RUNDLL32 SHELL32.DLL,Control_RunDLL %1,@0
and *.SCR files with
RUNDLL32 DESK.CPL,InstallScreenSaver %1
you can open and/or install them by doubleclicking on their icons.


The following batch file installs a screensaver if one is specified, and opens the Control Panel applet at the right tab to enable adjustment of its settings (tested in NT only):

IF "%1"=="" GOTO Interact
IF NOT EXIST %SystemRoot%.\System32\%~nx1 GOTO Interactive

RUNDLL32 DESK.CPL,InstallScreenSaver %~f1


OS (1) Command line Effect
DOS ECHO G=FFFF:0000 ¦ DEBUG Reboot (warm boot, sometimes cold boot)(2)
Win31* ECHO G=FFFF:0000 ¦ DEBUG Popup Task Manager, sometimes reboot
Win9* RUNDLL USER.EXE,ExitWindows Shutdown (3)
Win9* RUNDLL USER.EXE,ExitWindowsExec Win95: various results, usualy fast shutdown (and lock PC), sometimes restart Windows, sometimes reboot.
Win98: Restart Windows, sometimes reboot.
Win9* RUNDLL SHELL.DLL,RestartDialog "System Settings Change, Do you want to restart your computer now?" dialog
Win98 RUNDLL SHELL32.DLL,SHExitWindowsEx Logoff (4)
Win98 RUNDLL SHELL32.DLL,SHExitWindowsEx 1 Shutdown
Win98 RUNDLL SHELL32.DLL,SHExitWindowsEx 2 Reboot
Win98 RUNDLL SHELL32.DLL,SHExitWindowsEx 4 Logoff, and start Explorer after relogon
NT See Reboot NT on my Solutions found in alt.msdos.batch page Reboot immediately
NT RUNDLL32 USER32.DLL,ExitWindowsEx Logoff
NT+RK SHUTDOWN /L /T:10 /Y /C Shutdown in 10 seconds, close without saving
NT+RK SHUTDOWN /L /R /T:0 /Y Immediate shutdown & reboot
Kix $RC = SHUTDOWN( "\\server", "Shutting down...", 10, 1, 0 ) Shutdown in 10 seconds, with message, close without saving, no reboot
Kix $RC = SHUTDOWN( "\\server", "", 0, 1, 1 ) Immediate shutdown & reboot
Kix $RC = LOGOFF( 1 ) Logoff, forcing applications to close (use 0 instead of 1 if you don't want to force applications to close)
OS/2 START /PM SHUTDOWN && EXIT Shutdown (5)
OS/2 SETBOOT /IBD:C: Unconditional shutdown & reboot
OS/2 SETBOOT /IBA:nonsense Unconditional shutdown & failing reboot (6)
OS/2 LOGOFF Logoff (both LAN Server client and Peer)
Notes:   1   DOS    MS-DOS and PC-DOS

Windows 3.1, 3.11 and 3.11 for Workgroups

Windows 95 and 98

Windows 98

Windows NT 4 (and Windows 2000)

Windows NT 4 with the NT Resource Kit

Windows (any) with Kix

OS/2 Warp 3 and 4, LAN Server and Warp Server

  2   May not work with "exotic" memory managers, like Quarterdeck's QEMM or DesqView; in that case, use RESET.COM instead.

3 Thanks for Bill James and Tom Lavedas, for the information on RUNDLL.
Find more RUNDLL examples I collected on my RUNDLL page.

4 Tested parameters for RUNDLL SHELL32.DLL,SHExitWindowsEx

Parameter    Result

none    Logoff

0    Logoff

1    Shutdown

2    Reboot

3    Reboot

4    Logoff, and start Explorer after relogon

5    Shutdown

6    Reboot

7    Reboot

8    Logoff

This pattern then seems to repeat itself: 8 equals 0, 9 equals 1, etcetera.
Letters are invalid, and are ignored (equal to none).

5 Will still stop and ask for confirmation if a non-PM application is active

6 Needs Boot Manager installed.
Will reboot, no questions asked, and then stop if nonsense is an invalid Boot Manager menu entry (which, in this case, is exactly what we want).

3562 » Undocuments paths to Windows 2000 tools.

In addition to tip 3557, Jeffrey W. Horning has provided the following undocumented paths to windows 2000 tools:
Manage Shares : rundll32 ntlanui.dll,ShareManage - Shares
Create a New Hhare : rundll32 ntlanui.dll,ShareCreate
Add a TCP/IP Printer : rundll32 tcpmonui.dll,LocalAddPortUI
Install New Modem : rundll32 modemui.dll,InvokeControlPanel
Execute Device Manager : rundll32 devmgr.dll DeviceManager_Execute
Network Id Wizard : rundll32 netplwiz.dll,NetAccWizRunDll
Add Network Place : rundll32 netplwiz.dll,AddNetPlaceRunDll

Shortcut to lock the Computer / Workstation in Windows 2000 - C:\WINNT\system32\rundll32.exe user32.dll,LockWorkStation

How can I open a URL from the Windows 2000 command line?

Категория: Об ОС Windows | Добавил: admin (20.06.2011)
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