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Главная » Статьи » Системное администрирование » Об ОС *Nix

NetApp Commandline Cheatsheet (part4)

NetApp Commandline Cheatsheet


Deduplication Commands
start/restart deduplication operation sis start -s <path>

sis start -s /vol/flexvol1

## Use previous checkpoint
sis start -sp <path>
stop deduplication operation sis stop <path>
schedule deduplication

sis config -s <schedule> <path>

sis config -s mon-fri@23 /vol/flexvol1

Note: schedule lists the days and hours of the day when deduplication runs. The schedule can be of the following forms:

  • day_list[@hour_list]
    If hour_list is not specified, deduplication runs at midnight on each scheduled day.
  • hour_list[@day_list]
    If day_list is not specified, deduplication runs every day at the specified hours.
  • • -
    A hyphen (-) disables deduplication operations for the specified FlexVol volume.
enabling sis on <path>
disabling sis off <path>
status sis status -l <path>
Display saved space

df -s <path>




Quota Commands
Quotas configuration file /mroot/etc/quotas
Example quota file
## hard limit | thres |soft limit
##Quota Target type disk files| hold |disk file
##------------- ----- ---- ----- ----- ----- ----
*                    tree@/vol/vol0           -     -      -     -     -     # monitor usage on all qtrees in vol0
/vol/vol2/qtree      tree                    1024K 75k    -     -     -     # enforce qtree quota using kb
tinh                 user@/vol/vol2/qtree1   100M   -      -     -     -     # enforce users quota in specified qtree
dba                  group@/vol/ora/qtree1   100M   -      -     -     -     # enforce group quota in specified qtree

# * = default user/group/qtree 
# - = placeholder, no limit enforced, just enable stats collection

Note: you have lots of permutations, so checkout the documentation 
Displaying quota report [<path>]

quota on [-w] <vol_name>

-w = return only after the entire quotas file has been scanned

Deactivitating quota off [-w] <vol_name>
Reinitializing quota off [-w] <vol_name>
quota on [-w] <vol_name>
Resizing quota resize <vol_name>

Note: this commands rereads the quota file
Deleting edit the quota file

quota resize <vol_name>
log messaging quota logmsg


LUNs, igroups and LUN mapping


LUN configuration
Display lun show
lun show -m
lun show -v
Initialize/Configure LUNs, mapping

lun setup

Note: follow the prompts to create and configure LUN's

Create lun create -s 100m -t windows /vol/tradvol1/lun1

lun destroy [-f] /vol/tradvol1/lun1

Note: the "-f" will force the destroy


lun resize <lun path> <size>

lun resize /vol/tradvol1/lun1 75m

Restart block protocol access lun online /vol/tradvol1/lun1
Stop block protocol access lun offline /vol/tradvol1/lun1
Map a LUN to an initiator group

lun map /vol/tradvol1/lun1 win_hosts_group1 0
lun map -f /vol/tradvol1/lun2 linux_host_group1 1

lun show -m

Note: use "-f" to force the mapping

Remove LUN mapping lun show -m
lun offline /vol/tradvol1
lun unmap /vol/tradvol1/lun1 win_hosts_group1 0
Displays or zeros read/write statistics for LUN lun stats /vol/tradvol1/lun1
Comments lun comment /vol/tradvol1/lun1 "10GB for payroll records"
Check all lun/igroup/fcp settings for correctness lun config_check -v
Manage LUN cloning

# Create a Snapshot copy of the volume containing the LUN to be cloned by entering the following command
snap create tradvol1 tradvol1_snapshot_08122010

# Create the LUN clone by entering the following command
lun clone create /vol/tradvol1/clone_lun1 -b /vol/tradvol1/tradvol1_snapshot_08122010 lun1

Show the maximum possible size of a LUN on a given volume or qtree lun maxsize /vol/tradvol1
Move (rename) LUN lun move /vol/tradvol1/lun1 /vol/tradvol1/windows_lun1
Display/change LUN serial number lun serial -x /vol/tradvol1/lun1
Manage LUN properties lun set reservation /vol/tradvol1/hpux/lun0
Configure NAS file-sharing properties lun share <lun_path> { none | read | write | all }
Manage LUN and snapshot interactions lun snap usage -s <volume> <snapshot>
igroup configuration
display igroup show
igroup show -v
igroup show iqn.1991-05.com.microsoft:xblade
create (iSCSI) igroup create -i -t windows win_hosts_group1 iqn.1991-05.com.microsoft:xblade
create (FC) igroup create -i -f windows win_hosts_group1 iqn.1991-05.com.microsoft:xblade
destroy igroup destroy win_hosts_group1
add initiators to an igroup igroup add win_hosts_group1 iqn.1991-05.com.microsoft:laptop
remove initiators to an igroup igroup remove win_hosts_group1 iqn.1991-05.com.microsoft:laptop
rename igroup rename win_hosts_group1 win_hosts_group2
set O/S type igroup set win_hosts_group1 ostype windows
Enabling ALUA igroup set win_hosts_group1 alua yes

Note: ALUA defines a standard set of SCSI commands for discovering and managing multiple paths to LUNs on Fibre Channel and iSCSI SANs. ALUA enables the initiator to query the target about path attributes, such as primary path and secondary path. It also enables the target to communicate events back to the initiator. As long as the host supports the ALUA standard, multipathing software can be developed to support any array. Proprietary SCSI commands are no longer required.
iSCSI commands
display iscsi initiator show
iscsi session show [-t]
iscsi connection show -v
iscsi security show
status iscsi status
start iscsi start
stop iscsi stop
stats iscsi stats
nodename iscsi nodename

# to change the name
iscsi nodename <new name>
interfaces iscsi interface show

iscsi interface enable e0b
iscsi interface disable e0b
portals iscsi portal show

Note: Use the iscsi portal show command to display the target IP addresses of the storage system. The storage system's target IP addresses are the addresses of the interfaces used for the iSCSI protocol
accesslists iscsi interface accesslist show

Note: you can add or remove interfaces from the list
Port Sets

portset show
portset show portset1

igroup show linux-igroup1

create portset create -f portset1 SystemA:4b
destroy igroup unbind linux-igroup1 portset1
portset destroy portset1
add portset add portset1 SystemB:4b
remove portset remove portset1 SystemB:4b
binding igroup bind linux-igroup1 portset1
igroup unbind linux-igroup1 portset1
FCP service
display fcp show adapter -v
daemon status fcp status
start fcp start
stop fcp stop

fcp stats -i interval [-c count] [-a | adapter]

fcp stats -i 1

target expansion adapters fcp config <adapter> [down|up]

fcp config 4a down
target adapter speed

fcp config <adapter> speed [auto|1|2|4|8]

fcp config 4a speed 8

set WWPN #

fcp portname set [-f] adapter wwpn

fcp portname set -f 1b 50:0a:09:85:87:09:68:ad

swap WWPN #

fcp portname swap [-f] adapter1 adapter2

fcp portname swap -f 1a 1b

change WWNN

# display nodename
fcp nodename

fcp nodename [-f]nodename

fcp nodename 50:0a:09:80:82:02:8d:ff

Note: The WWNN of a storage system is generated by a serial number in its NVRAM, but it is stored ondisk. If you ever replace a storage system chassis and reuse it in the same Fibre Channel SAN, it is possible, although extremely rare, that the WWNN of the replaced storage system is duplicated. In this unlikely event, you can change the WWNN of the storage system.

WWPN Aliases - display

fcp wwpn-alias show
fcp wwpn-alias show -a my_alias_1
fcp wwpn-alias show -w 10:00:00:00:c9:30:80:2

WWPN Aliases - create fcp wwpn-alias set [-f] alias wwpn

fcp wwpn-alias set my_alias_1 10:00:00:00:c9:30:80:2f
WWPN Aliases - remove

fcp wwpn-alias remove [-a alias ... | -w wwpn]

fcp wwpn-alias remove -a my_alias_1
fcp wwpn-alias remove -w 10:00:00:00:c9:30:80:2


Snapshotting and Cloning


Snapshot and Cloning commands

Display clones snap list
create clone

# Create a LUN by entering the following command
lun create -s 10g -t solaris /vol/tradvol1/lun1

# Create a Snapshot copy of the volume containing the LUN to be cloned by entering the following command
snap create tradvol1 tradvol1_snapshot_08122010

# Create the LUN clone by entering the following command
lun clone create /vol/tradvol1/clone_lun1 -b /vol/tradvol1/lun1 tradvol1_snapshot_08122010

destroy clone

# display the snapshot copies
lun snap usage tradvol1 tradvol1_snapshot_08122010

# Delete all the LUNs in the active file system that are displayed by the lun snap usage command by entering the following command
lun destroy /vol/tradvol1/clone_lun1

# Delete all the Snapshot copies that are displayed by the lun snap usage command in the order they appear
snap delete tradvol1 tradvol1_snapshot_08122010

clone dependency

vol options <vol_name> <snapshot_clone_dependency> on
vol options <vol_name> <snapshot_clone_dependency> off

Note: Prior to Data ONTAP 7.3, the system automatically locked all backing Snapshot copies when Snapshot copies of LUN clones were taken. Starting with Data ONTAP 7.3, you can enable the system to only lock backing Snapshot copies for the active LUN clone. If you do this, when you delete the active LUN clone, you can delete the base Snapshot copy without having to first delete all of the more recent backing Snapshot copies.

This behavior in not enabled by default; use the snapshot_clone_dependency volume option to enable it. If this option is set to off, you will still be required to delete all subsequent Snapshot copies before deleting the base Snapshot copy. If you enable this option, you are not required to rediscover the LUNs. If you perform a subsequent volume snap restore operation, the system restores whichever value was present at the time the Snapshot copy was taken.

Restoring snapshot

snap restore -s payroll_lun_backup.2 -t vol /vol/payroll_lun

splitting the clone lun clone split start lun_path

lun clone split status lun_path
stop clone splitting lun clone split stop lun_path
delete snapshot copy snap delete vol-name snapshot-name

snap delete -a -f <vol-name>
disk space usage lun snap usage tradvol1 mysnap
Use Volume copy to copy LUN's vol copy start -S source:source_volume dest:dest_volume

vol copy start -S /vol/vol0 filerB:/vol/vol1
The estimated rate of change of data between Snapshot copies in a
snap delta /vol/tradvol1 tradvol1_snapshot_08122010
The estimated amount of space freed if you delete the specified
Snapshot copies

snap reclaimable /vol/tradvol1 tradvol1_snapshot_08122010


Категория: Об ОС *Nix | Добавил: admin (12.10.2015)
Просмотров: 828 | Теги: NetApp, commands, console, config | Рейтинг: 0.0/0
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